A Legislature Committee is a substructure of the Legislature consisting of a group of Legislature members who are composed according to the principle of proportional representation of political parties in the legislature, chosen to perform a particular task for the Legislature and, in so doing, facilitate the effective performance of legislature functions.
Role of Legislature Committees
Committees are charged on behalf of the Legislature to conduct inquiries, gather evidence and report thereon, analyze (sometimes initiate) bills and propose amendments.
They also act as control mechanism by supervising government action and take charge of the internal affairs of the legislature, for example, in respect of facilities and services, discipline, and cases of contempt.
In this way, committees alleviate the workload of the Legislature and facilitate through considerations of matters.
3.Ad Hoc Committees
There shall be Committees of the Legislature, appointed by resolution of the house, on Legislature and provincial executive matters, respectively.
Each Committee shall be known by the name determined for it by the speaker.
A Committee shall, in accordance with the rules or its other terms of reference, consider or deal with bills or other matters which are referred to it by the speaker or resolution of the Legislature.
There shall be Standing Committees in respect of:
• Internal arrangement Committee
• Working Committee
• Chairperson’s Forum Committee
• Quality of life and status of women Committee
• Public Accounts Committee
Ad Hoc Committees
These Committees are appointed by resolution of the house to perform specific tasks, like enquiring into alleged breaches of privilege or to consider legislation of a particular nature. Once such a Committee has disposed of its business and has reported to the house, it ceases to exist.
The speaker shall nominate members for an Ad – hoc Committee, who shall be appointed by resolution of the Legislature to carry out particular assignment specified by resolution.
Ad hoc committee may conduct its business when the Legislature is in recess, in which event it shall report after the resumption of business, provided that no elections for the Legislature have taken place in the interim.
The Speaker shall appoint the Rules Committee for the duration of the Legislature as the supreme committee of the House, to perform functions entrusted by the rules or resolutions of the House.
Roles and functions of the committees
1. The oversight of government Departments in the financial field.
2. Domestic functions, to ease the work of the house (rules and disciplinary committees)
3. Examination of specific areas of public life or matters of current public interest
(Ad hoc and joint monitoring Committees)
4. Consideration of legislation (Portfolio Committees)
5. Monitoring and oversight of Departmental affairs.
6. Consideration of private member’ legislative proposal
7. Consideration of international agreements